Importance Of Animal Proteins In The Human Diet
Animal-derived foods such as milk and its products, meat, fish, poultry, and eggs play the most important role in the human diet, providing them with high levels of protein. Proteins not only provide the essential amino acids that make up our body’s cells. Rather, they are important in the form of central proteins and enzymes, as well as in the essential functions of life, such as reproduction, cell growth, maturation, cell differentiation, virus activity, and genetic activity.
Proteins are made up of amino acids, some of which are essential. According to preliminary studies, amino acids whose absence in the diet of experimental animals used in laboratories can impede development or cause death are called essential amino acids. Is.
Proteins can be grouped on the basis of whether they are derived from animals or from plants, thus they can be divided into two types of animal proteins and plant proteins. Essential amino acids in animal proteins are present in greater amounts and quantities than in plant proteins, and their nutritional value is higher. The rate of growth in white mice is considered a measure to determine the nutritional value of protein. At a given time, rats that contain protein in their diet gain two to three times more weight than those that eat plant proteins. Two animal proteins are exempt, collagen or gelatin and elastin. Both of these proteins are found in the synthetic cells of meat.
Biological Differences Between Amino Acids:
Proteins are classified as complete and incomplete proteins based on modern knowledge of the biological differences between amino acids. Biologically complete proteins are those that contain adequate amounts of all the essential amino acids that our body needs. We can add almost all animal proteins to the list of complete proteins. Incomplete proteins are deficient in one or more amino acids. This reduction can be absolute or relative. Most plant proteins are considered incomplete because they do not contain any of the essential amino acids.
Egg proteins are considered the standard for countering the nutritional value of various items. They are counteracted by the essential amino acids in eggs. Egg proteins are more digestible. In addition to the synthesis of essential amino acids, important factors in the nutritional value of proteins include the amino acids being free, and the digestibility of proteins. Numerous experiments have shown that animal proteins are more digestible than plant proteins. These foods, such as milk, meat, and eggs, have a high potential for amino acids.
The required amount of protein in our diet:
There is no doubt that human protein needs have been assessed based on the experiences of development and delivery in children and adolescents. The combination of plant and animal proteins can be used in the best way possible. Some plant proteins that are deficient in certain essential amino acids can also cause problems. Human needs can be met with even a small amount of animal protein. It is a fact that animal proteins are superior to plant proteins in terms of nutritional value. Developed countries have higher levels of animal protein than developing countries, and as people’s economic conditions improve, so does their use of animal proteins. People in developed countries Increase the amount of animal protein in your diet.
Effects Of Protein Deficiency:
In many developing countries, food usually consists of grains and pulses. This includes very little food from animal sources. Animal feed is scarce in these areas. The prices of animal proteins are much higher than the purchasing power of the people.
This lack of animal proteins is spreading the symptoms of malnutrition, which is manifested in children in the form of a disease. The disease is a very complex form of malnutrition. In malnourished areas, most babies develop satisfactorily for about 6 months. They gain weight just like any other child. Because their protein needs are met by breast milk.